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Denotation, Connotation, and now...

Figurative Language

The Standards...

We looked at the standard above earlier, so now we are moving on to the standard below... 

RL 4


  • I can determine the meaning of a word or phrase from context or when it is used in literary devices.

  • I can analyze and explain how an author’s word choice can change the meaning or tone of a text.






L 5

  • I can recognize figurative language (e.g. literary devices) in a selection of text.

  • I can examine how figurative language impacts a text.

  • I can recognize analogies in a selection of text.

  • I can determine if an analogy makes an appropriate comparison.

Do you remember what figurative language is?


using figures of speech to be more effective, persuasive and impactful. -- It is the oppostie of literal meaning.

Unsure what any of these are? Google is your friend!!


Now, to make sure everyone


understands, take a moment to write


down why we care about denotation,


connotation, and figurative language --


What can these things do for us?




Share what you have come up


with on the class board here! 

Then, there are analogies...




It is fun to come up with analogies!


Take a characteristic you want to describe --


say movement. Now, pick an object.


Combine the two into a smooth sentence! 





Here's an example...

Movement: dancing


Object: elephant




My dad dances the same what an


elephant might - graceless and ungainly!  

An example...

"Some basic facts about memory are clear. Your short-term memory is like the RAM on a computer: it records the information in from of you right now. Some of what you expereience seems to evaporate--like words that go missing when you turn off your comptuer without hitting SAVE. But other short-term memories go through a molecular process called consolidatio: they're downloaded onto the hard drive. Thes long-term memories, filled with past loves and losses and fears, stay dormant until you call them up."


("To Pluck a Rooted Sorrow," Newsweek, April 27, 2009_




Does this mean that human memory functions exactly like a computer in all ways? Certainly not. By its nature, an analogy offers a simplified view of an idea or process--an aillustration rather than a detailed examination. 

Then, there are allusions...

Then, there are allusions...

We studied these in Unit 2 - Asia!

To Review...



Figurative Meaning

To Review...







Figurative Meaning

Non-literal meaning behind the words - simile, metaphor, personification, analogies, allusions, etc.

the emotinos and attitudes that come with a word - can be + or -

dictionary definition


OUR CHOICE of SPECIFIC WORDS creates TONE and makes an IMPACT on the reader.

Choose wisely, my padawans.